Sophia's Blog

Sophia's Blog

Remembering British Nuclear Physicist Frank Charles Barnaby and his work

Frank Charles Barnaby (27 September 1927 – 1 August 2020) was the Nuclear Issues Consultant to the Oxford Research Group, a freelance defense analyst, and a prolific author on military technology. He was based in the United Kingdom.

Barnaby was Director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) from 1971–1981. In 1981, Barnaby became a founding member of the World Cultural Council. He was a Professor at the VU University Amsterdam 1981–85 and was awarded the Harold Stassen Chair of International Relations at the University of Minnesota in 1985. He has been the Executive Secretary of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs.

He died on 1 August 2020 at the age of 92 but his work still lives. Some of them are as follows.

Plutonium and Security: The Military Aspects of the Plutonium Economy

Plutonium and Security” discusses the cases for and against the reprocessing of spent reactor fuel elements to remove the plutonium from them. The relationship between the capability to produce plutonium and the proliferation of nuclear weapons to countries that do not already have them is discussed in some detail. America’s policy for the civil use of plutonium, and the policy to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons are also described.

European and Japanese plans in the 1990s for plutonium are analyzed as are current nuclear programs in Third World countries. The problems that will be faced by the 1995 conference to discuss whether or not to extend the Non-Proliferation Treaty are outlined and the prospects for the conference analyzed. A global program for controlling fissile material is discussed in detail.

Emerging Technologies and Military Doctrine: A Political Assessment

Will emerging technologies bring Europe security? Or will they decrease crisis stability and further hamper arms control and detente? That depends on the military doctrine into which they are to be incorporated. Will Western Europe support the implementation of SDI, beginning with the installation of anti-ballistic missile systems on its own territory?

Will it opt for the US-designed deep-strike doctrine? Or should the European NATO members opt for a purely conventional doctrine that emphasizes defense? These questions are discussed against the background of a wealth of information, both on the relevant technologies and weapon systems, and on the doctrines now under development. The choice of weapon systems is shown to be a political issue that must not be left to military specialists.

The British Nuclear Weapons Programme, 1952-2002

The first British nuclear weapon test took place in Australia in October 1952. British nuclear weapons have been a source of controversy ever since. In this book, scientists, doctors, researchers, and others assess the military value, political impact, health effects, and legality of the program.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki: Restrospect and Prospect

Fifty-three years ago the first nuclear bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. They killed some 250,000 people. A distinguished group of contributors examine the background and effects of the bombing and look at the lessons for a world which harbors 45,000 nuclear warheads.

Building a More Democratic United Nations: Proceedings of CAMDUN-1

These proceedings, from the 1990 CAMDUN conference cover the structure of the UN, NGOs and the roles of UNAs, communication globally through the UN, and restructuring the UN.

A Handbook of Verification Procedures

An examination of how, in practice, the effective verification of various arms control treaties – including a comprehensive test ban treaty, conventional forces reductions, a fissile material cut-off, and a freeze on the development and production of nuclear weapons – can be achieved.

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